Dec 11 – 15, 2023
Tsung-Dao Lee Institute
Asia/Shanghai timezone

Fast X-ray variability of a new high-mass X-ray binary MAXI J0709-159 / LY CMa observed by MAXI and NICER

Dec 11, 2023, 4:15 PM
Hall # 10

Hall # 10

Contributed talk in mini symposium Accretion Processes


Mutsumi Sugizaki (National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences)


MAXI J0709-159 is a new X-ray transient discovered by the MAXI all-sky survey on 2022 January 25 near the Galactic plane at $(l,b)=(229.3, -2.3^\circ)$. The follow-up observations with NICER and NuSTAR identified it with a new X-ray object located at a position consistent with a Be star, LY CMa, which has also been identified as B supergiant. From the transient X-ray behavior characterized by short (a few hours) activity duration, rapid (a few seconds) variability accompanied with spectral change, and large luminosity swing from $10^{32}$ erg s$^{-1}$ in quiescence to $10^{37}$ erg s$^{-1}$ at the outburst peak, the object was considered likely to be a Supergiant Fast X-ray Transient (SFXT), a subclass of supergiant X-ray binaries (Sugizaki et al. 2022). We analyzed the MAXI and NICER data in detail. The combined light curve reveals that the short outburst consists of several flare-up events, each lasting only a few minutes and rapidly changing in intensity. The variability power spectrum shows significant features suggesting quasi-periodic variations at 0.1-1 Hz. We discuss the origin of the quasi periodicity in terms of the mass accretion via interaction between the neutron-star magnetosphere and the stellar winds.

Primary author

Mutsumi Sugizaki (National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences)

Presentation materials