Dec 11 – 15, 2023
Tsung-Dao Lee Institute
Asia/Shanghai timezone

Helical and nonhelical large-scale dynamos in thin accretion discs

Dec 15, 2023, 12:03 PM
12m
Hall # 10

Hall # 10

Contributed talk in mini symposium Accretion Processes

Speaker

Hongzhe Zhou (Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University)

Description

The dynamics of accreting and outgoing flows around compact objects depends crucially on the strengths and configurations of the magnetic fields therein, especially of the large-scale fields that remain coherent beyond turbulence scales. Possible origins of these large-scale magnetic fields include flux advection and disc dynamo actions. However, most numerical simulations have to adopt an initially strong large-scale field rather than allow them to be self-consistently advected or amplified, due to limited computational resources. The situation can be partially cured by using sub-grid models where dynamo actions only reachable at high resolutions are mimicked by artificial terms in low-resolution simulations. In this work, we couple thin-disc models with local shearing-box simulation results to facilitate more realistic sub-grid dynamo implementations. For helical dynamos, detailed spatial profiles of dynamo drivers inferred from local simulations are used, and the nonlinear quenching and saturation is constrained by magnetic helicity evolution. In the inner disc region, saturated fields have dipole configurations and can reach $\beta\simeq 0.1$ to $100$, with correlation lengths $\simeq h$ in the vertical direction and $\simeq 10h$ in the radial direction, where $h$ is the disc scale height. The dynamo cycle period is $\simeq 40$ orbital time scale, compatible with previous global simulations. Additionally, we explore two dynamo mechanisms which do not require a net kinetic helicity and have only been studied in shearing-box setups. We show that such dynamos are possible in thin accretion discs, but produce field configurations that are incompatible with previous results. We discuss implications for future general-relativistic magnetohydrodynamics simulations.

Primary author

Hongzhe Zhou (Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University)

Presentation materials