Dec 11 – 15, 2023
Tsung-Dao Lee Institute
Asia/Shanghai timezone

Supernova 2023ixf in M101

Dec 11, 2023, 4:10 PM
Hall # 8

Hall # 8

Invited/Solicited talk in mini-symposium Cosmic Explosions...


Xiaofeng Wang (Tsinghua University)Ms Gaici Li (Tsinghua University)


I will give an introduction of our studies on a recent type II supernova (SN 2023ixf) exploded in nearby galaxy M 101 at a distance of 6.85 Mpc. Such a close distance makes SN 2023ixf a nearby, bright stellar explosion that appears once in a decade, providing a rare apportunity to study the pre-explosion evolution of massive star and view the moment of shock breakout from the progenitor. Our instant multiwavelength observations, starting at ~1 hour after the explosion, reveal the shockwave pulse breaking out of a red supergiant (RSG) with a size of 450 solar radius and the shock propagation in an optically-thick dusty circumstellar shell. The earlytime light curves favor that the breakout and perhaps the distribution of the surrounding dust were not spherically symmetric. Analysis of the pre-discovery images (obtained 20 years before the SN explosion) indicate that SN 2023ixf originated from a RSG star with an initial mass of 11-14 M⊙. The derived mass loss rate is much lower than that inferred from the flash spectroscopy of the SN, suggesting that the progenitor experienced a sudden increase in mass loss when approaching the final explosion. Combining with early-time polarization observation, such a violent mass loss is likely a result of binary interaction.

Primary author

Ms Gaici Li (Tsinghua University)

Presentation materials